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Do children enhance phonetic contrasts in speech directed to a hearing-impaired peer?

Granlund, S; Hazan, VL; Mahon, M; (2015) Do children enhance phonetic contrasts in speech directed to a hearing-impaired peer? Presented at: 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

This study examines whether normal-hearing (NH) children enhance phonetic contrasts when speaking to a hearing-impaired (HI) peer. A problem-solving ‘Grid’ task was developed to elicit frequent repetitions of /p/-/b/, /s/-/S/ and /i/-/I/ segmental contrasts and point vowels in communicative spontaneous speech. Eighteen NH children between 9 and 15 years old performed the task once with a NH friend and once with a HI friend. Both category means and within-speaker variability were analysed. Results suggest that although HI interlocutors are likely to find the phonetic contrasts difficult to produce and perceive, children’s HI-directed speech contains little evidence of phonetic category enhancement.

Type: Conference item (UNSPECIFIED)
Title: Do children enhance phonetic contrasts in speech directed to a hearing-impaired peer?
Event: 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
Location: Glasgow, UK
Dates: 10 August 2015 - 14 August 2015
ISBN-13: 978-0-85261-941-4
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/i...
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivativeWorks 3.0 license. You are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the work), but you must attribute the author, you may not use this work for commercial purposes and you may not alter, transform, or build upon this work and distribute any derivative works you create under a similar license.
Keywords: clear speech, speaker-listener adaptations, intra-speaker variability, children's speech
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1470558
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