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Motion Compensation for Aircraft-Borne Interferometric SAR

Bullock, RJ; (2003) Motion Compensation for Aircraft-Borne Interferometric SAR. Doctoral thesis , University of London. Green open access

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This research has studied data driven techniques for roll compensation for aircraft-borne InSAR, for platforms where an accurate Inertial Navigation Unit (INU) is inappropriate due to limitations on weight or cost, such as a low-cost civilian mapping system or a miniature UAV. It is shown that for unknown topography, roll errors cannot simply be filtered from the interferogram due to a fundamental ambiguity between aircraft roll effects and certain types of undulating terrain. The solution to this problem lies in the differential Doppler shifts of the signals received at the two antennas. These are proportional to the aircraft roll rate and can be extracted by incoherent or coherent means and utilised to reconstruct the aircraft roll history. This research analyses, experimentally evaluates and further develops the incoherent Differential Doppler (DD) method for roll compensation, developed to the proof-of-concept stage by A. Currie at QinetiQ (Malvern) and compares this with the two-look method, which is a novel coherent technique developed, analysed and experimentally evaluated as part of this PhD from an original idea proposed by Prof. R. Voles of UCL. By means of empirical analysis, numerical simulation and real test data from the QinetiQ C-Band InSAR, it is shown that the two-look method offers significant advantages in sensitivity, frequency performance, robustness and efficiency of implementation over the DD method, particularly at long range. The experimental results also show that for the QinetiQ C-Band InSAR, the two-look method provides roll compensation to a similar quality or better than provided by the on-board Litton-93 INU, which has a specified accuracy of ±0.05°. Ambiguities in the roll rate estimates from other motions are also shown to be small for this platform, and could be reduced further by employing differential GPS track compensation.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Motion Compensation for Aircraft-Borne Interferometric SAR
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1470281
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