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X-ray powder diffraction analysis of two new magnesium selenate hydrates, MgSeO4·9H2O and MgSeO4·11H2O

Fortes, AD; (2015) X-ray powder diffraction analysis of two new magnesium selenate hydrates, MgSeO4·9H2O and MgSeO4·11H2O. Powder Diffraction , 30 (2) pp. 149-157. 10.1017/S0885715615000123. Green open access

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Abstract

Several hitherto unknown hydrates of magnesium selenate have been formed by quenching aqueous solutions of MgSeO4 in liquid nitrogen. MgSeO4·11H2O is apparently isostructural with the mineral meridianiite (MgSO4·11H2O), being triclinic, $P{\rm \bar 1}$, Z = 2, with unit-cell parameters a = 6.779 00(8) Å, b = 6.965 16(9) Å, c = 17.4934(2) Å, α = 87.713(1)°, β = 89.222(1)°, γ = 63.121(1)°, and V = 736.15(1) Å3 at −25 °C. MgSeO4·9H2O represents a new hydration state in the MgSeO4–H2O system; it is monoclinic, space-group P21/c, Z = 4, with unit-cell parameters a = 7.270 24(6) Å, b = 10.510 94(9) Å, c = 17.4030(2) Å, β = 109.447(1)°, and V = 1254.02(1) Å3 at −22 °C. The heavy-atom structure of MgSeO4·9H2O has been determined by direct-space methods from X-ray powder diffraction data and consists of isolated Mg(H2O)62+ octahedra and SeO42− tetrahedra linked by hydrogen bonds. The remaining three water molecules occupy the space between the polyhedral ions, contributing to the H-bonded network, which comprises 4-, 5-, and 6-membered rings. A third phase has been observed to crystallise prior to the 11-hydrate upon warming of liquid-nitrogen-quenched glass, but this transforms rapidly to the meridianiite-structured 11-hydrate and the identity of this phase is unclear.

Type: Article
Title: X-ray powder diffraction analysis of two new magnesium selenate hydrates, MgSeO4·9H2O and MgSeO4·11H2O
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0885715615000123
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0885715615000123
Language: English
Additional information: © Cambridge University Press 2015
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1468491
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