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Second generation engineering of transketolase for polar aromatic aldehyde substrates

Payongsri, P; Steadman, D; Hailes, HC; Dalby, PA; (2015) Second generation engineering of transketolase for polar aromatic aldehyde substrates. Enzyme and Microbial Technology , 71 pp. 45-52. 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2015.01.008. Green open access

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Abstract

Transketolase has significant industrial potential for the asymmetric synthesis of carboncarbon bonds with new chiral centres. Variants evolved on propanal were found previously with nascent activity on polar aromatic aldehydes 3-formylbenzoic acid (3-FBA), 4-formylbenzoic acid (4-FBA), and 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde (3-HBA), suggesting a potential novel route to analogues of chloramphenicol. Here we evolved improved transketolase activities towards aromatic aldehydes, by saturation mutagenesis of two active-site residues (R358 and S385), predicted to interact with the aromatic substituents. S385 variants selectively controlled the aromatic substrate preference, with up to 13-fold enhanced activities, and KM values comparable to those of natural substrates with wild-type transketolase. S385E even completely removed the substrate inhibition for 3-FBA, observed in all previous variants. The mechanisms of catalytic improvement were both mutation type and substrate dependent. S385E improved 3-FBA activity via kcat, but reduced 4-FBA activity via KM. Conversely, S385Y/T improved 3-FBA activity via KM and 4-FBA activity via kcat. This suggested that both substrate proximity and active-site orientation are very sensitive to mutation. Comparison of all variant activities on each substrate indicated different binding modes for the three aromatic substrates, supported by computational docking. This highlights a potential divergence in the evolution of different substrate specificities, with implications for enzyme engineering.

Type: Article
Title: Second generation engineering of transketolase for polar aromatic aldehyde substrates
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2015.01.008
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2015.01.008
Language: English
Additional information: This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.
Keywords: Biocatalysis; Transketolase; Enzyme engineering; Benzaldehyde; Directed evolution
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1464511
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