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Prevalence of Severe Childhood Obesity in England: 2006-2013

Ells, LJ; Hancock, C; Copley, V; Mead, E; Dinsdale, H; Kinra, S; Viner, RM; (2015) Prevalence of Severe Childhood Obesity in England: 2006-2013. Archives of Disease in Childhood , 100 (7) pp. 631-636. 10.1136/archdischild-2014-307036. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: International evidence shows that severe paediatric obesity results in an increased risk of ill health, and may require specialised weight management strategies, yet there remains a lack of data on the extent of the problem. Objective: To examine the prevalence of severe obesity in children aged 4-5 and 10-11 years, attending English schools between 2006/07 and 2012/13. Design: A retrospective analysis of the National Child Measurement Programme data. Setting: Maintained schools in England. Participants: All children aged 4-5 and 10-11 years. Main outcome measures: Prevalence of severe childhood obesity, defined using the 99.6th centile of the UK90 growth reference charts, analysed by sex; geography; ethnic group; and deprivation. Results: The key findings show that in 2012/13, severe obesity (BMI ≥UK90 99.6th centile) was found in 1.9% of girls and 2.3% of boys aged 4-5 years, and 2.9% of girls and 3.9% of boys aged 10-11 years. Severe obesity prevalence also varies geographically and is more prevalent in children from more deprived areas and those from Black ethnic groups. Conclusions: The findings from this study should help to raise awareness of the prevalence of severe obesity and ensure adequate treatment and prevention services are in place both to support children who are already severely obese, and reduce the prevalence of extreme weight in the future.

Type: Article
Title: Prevalence of Severe Childhood Obesity in England: 2006-2013
Location: UK
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2014-307036
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2014-307036
Language: English
Additional information: This article has been accepted for publication in Archives of Disease in Childhood following peer review. The definitive copyedited, typeset version Ells, LJ; Hancock, C; Copley, V; Mead, E; Dinsdale, H; Kinra, S; Viner, RM; (2015) Prevalence of Severe Childhood Obesity in England: 2006-2013. Archives of Disease in Childhood , 100 (7) pp. 631-636 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2014-307036
Keywords: severe obesity, child, prevalence, England
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1462905
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