UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Realistic modelling of water/solid interfaces from ab Initio molecular dynamics

Tocci, G; (2014) Realistic modelling of water/solid interfaces from ab Initio molecular dynamics. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Gabriele_Tocci_thesis.pdf]
Preview
PDF
Gabriele_Tocci_thesis.pdf

Download (26MB)

Abstract

Water/solid interfaces are of utmost importance to a number of technological processes. Theoretical studies, based on ab initio approaches are suitable to unveil processes occurring at water/solid interfaces and can therefore be instrumental to delineate guidelines to improve the efficiency of these processes. In this thesis we study several systems of current interest using ab initio methods based on density functional theory (DFT). By going often beyond the use of standard DFT methods and approximations we have provided insights into processes occurring at water/solid interfaces under ambient conditions and in non stoichiometric conditions. Specifically, we will investigate the interactions between water and ZnO, an important metal-oxide especially used in industry to produce methanol. One of the most mportant results of this study is that proton hopping is dramatically enhanced under wet conditions compared to ideal ultra-high vacuum conditions. Also, we will compute the friction between liquid water in contact with 2-D layered materials, and delineate the guidelines on how to alter the friction coe cient in membranes used for desalination or osmotic power harvesting. Finally, in collaboration with Geoff Thornton's group we have investigated the role of defects on the surface chemistry of the rutile TiO2(110), which is the model oxide surface used in photocatalysis applications. On the whole, in this work we have used ab initio methods to reduce the gap between the ultra-high vacuum-style studies of adsorption on perfect defect-free surfaces and the complex behaviour of liquid/solid interfaces under technologically relevant conditions.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Realistic modelling of water/solid interfaces from ab Initio molecular dynamics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: liquid/solid interfaces, ab initio molecular dynamics, liquid water on TiO2(110), liquid water on ZnO, liquid/solid friction
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1457448
Downloads since deposit
1,203Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item