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Regulation of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors at cerebellar interneuron synapses.

Kelly, L.; (2007) Regulation of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors at cerebellar interneuron synapses. Doctoral thesis , University of London. Green open access

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Fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system is mediated principally by glutamate, acting on AMPA receptors (AMPARs). The functional properties of these receptors reflect their subunit composition (GluR1-4) and dictate key features of the excitatory postsynaptic current, and thus the transmission process. Importantly, insertion or removal of AMPARs at the synapse underlies the expression of certain well-characterised forms of long-term synaptic plasticity. Recently, several additional forms of plasticity have been shown to involve the specific regulation of Ca2+-permeable (GluR2-lacking) AMPARs. At parallel fibre synapses onto cerebellar stellate cells, Ca2+ influx through AMPARs triggers an autoregulatory change in their subunit composition. In this thesis I have investigated factors that may trigger or influence this type of subunit change. I discovered that a switch in AMPAR subtype (from Ca2+-permeable to mainly Ca2+-iimpermeable AMPARs) occurs during development of stellate cells. This change is accompanied by a decrease in synaptic channel conductance. Activation of either mGluRs or GABABRs also results in switch in AMPAR subtype - a selective loss of synaptic Ca2+-permeable AMPARs, triggered by a rise in intracellular Ca2+. My experiments also reveal that both types of metabotropic receptor are tonically active, and therefore constitutively regulate subunit-specific synaptic targeting of AMPARs. My results identify a signalling mechanism likely to drive the dynamic switch in AMPAR Ca2+-permeability, and demonstrate that AMPAR subunit composition can be modified by postsynaptic actions of GABA, as well as glutamate.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Regulation of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors at cerebellar interneuron synapses.
Identifier: PQ ETD:592077
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmacology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1444768
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