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Some novel approaches in modelling and image reconstruction for multi-frequency Electrical Impedance Tomography of the human brain

Horesh, Lior; (2006) Some novel approaches in modelling and image reconstruction for multi-frequency Electrical Impedance Tomography of the human brain. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) is a recently developed imaging technique. Small insensible currents are injected into the body using electrodes. Measured voltages are used for reconstruction of images of the internal dielectric properties of the body. This imaging technique is portable, safe, rapid, inexpensive and has the potential to provide a new method for imaging in remote or acute situations, where other large scanners, such as MRI, are either impractical or unavailable. It has been in use in clinical research for about two decades but has not yet been adopted into routine clinical practice. One potentially powerful clinical application lies in its use for imaging acute stroke, where it could be used to distinguish haemorrhage from infarction. Hitherto, image reconstruction has mainly been for the more tractable case of changes in impedance over time. For acute stroke, it is best operated in multiple frequency mode, where data is collected at multiple frequencies and images can be recovered with higher fidelity. Whereas the eventual idea appears to be good, there are several important issues which affect the likelihood of its success in producing clinically reliable images. These include limitations in accuracy of finite element modelling, image reconstruction, and accuracy of recorded voltage data due to noise and confounding factors. The purpose of this work was to address these issues in the hope that, at the end, a clinical study of EIT in acute stroke would have a much greater chance of success. In order to address the feasibility of this application, a comprehensive literature review regarding the dielectric properties of human head tissues in normal and pathological states was conducted in this thesis. Novel generic tools were developed in order to enable modelling and non-linear image reconstruction of large-scale problems, such as those arising from the head EIT problem.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Some novel approaches in modelling and image reconstruction for multi-frequency Electrical Impedance Tomography of the human brain
Identifier: PQ ETD:592053
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1444744
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