UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

‘And the Oscar Goes to… ’: Understanding Late Colonial Community Development and its Legacy through Film

Page, B; (2014) ‘And the Oscar Goes to… ’: Understanding Late Colonial Community Development and its Legacy through Film. Development and Change , 45 (5) pp. 838-868. 10.1111/dech.12119. Green open access

[thumbnail of dech12119.pdf]
Preview
PDF
dech12119.pdf

Download (220kB)

Abstract

This article analyses the 1949 film Daybreak in Udi and the influential ideas of its ‘star’ Edward Rowland Chadwick, a District Officer, with a view to understanding the legacy of the colonial policy of Community Development in Eastern Nigeria and Cameroon. The film, which is freely available online, follows an African community using ‘self-help’ methods to construct a rural maternity home. It helps visualize the colonial practices of ‘mass education’ and ‘community betterment’ but is not just a drama-documentary: it is also an argument in favour of community development. The article argues that Chadwick's ideas had a profound influence within the region where he worked, and that colonial community development more generally provides a key source for ‘participatory development’. The film also discloses a late colonial ‘socio-geographical imaginary’, articulated through a hierarchy of specific social categories (administrative officers, teachers, peasants, elders, women and troublemakers), spatial locations (urban, rural) and the distinctions between them (modern/reactionary, leader/worker, audible/silent). The article shows that colonial community development not only played an important role in fixing these categories within subsequent development thinking, but that it also ran up against one of the ongoing paradoxes of ‘self-help development’, namely that it usually requires an outsider.

Type: Article
Title: ‘And the Oscar Goes to… ’: Understanding Late Colonial Community Development and its Legacy through Film
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/dech.12119
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dech.12119
Language: English
Additional information: © 2014 The Authors. Development and Change published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Institute of Social Studies This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1443486
Downloads since deposit
118Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item