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Haptoglobin, alpha-thalassaemia and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase polymorphisms and risk of abnormal transcranial Doppler among patients with sickle cell anaemia in Tanzania

Cox, SE; Makani, J; Soka, D; L'Esperence, VS; Kija, E; Dominguez-Salas, P; Newton, CRJ; ... Kirkham, FJ; + view all (2014) Haptoglobin, alpha-thalassaemia and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase polymorphisms and risk of abnormal transcranial Doppler among patients with sickle cell anaemia in Tanzania. British Journal of Haematology , 165 (5) pp. 699-706. 10.1111/bjh.12791. Green open access

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Abstract

Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography measures cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) of basal intracranial vessels and is used clinically to detect stroke risk in children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Co‐inheritance in SCA of alpha‐thalassaemia and glucose‐6‐phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) polymorphisms is reported to associate with high CBFv and/or risk of stroke. The effect of a common functional polymorphism of haptoglobin (HP) is unknown. We investigated the effect of co‐inheritance of these polymorphisms on CBFv in 601 stroke‐free Tanzanian SCA patients aged <24 years. Homozygosity for alpha‐thalassaemia 3·7 deletion was significantly associated with reduced mean CBFv compared to wild‐type (β‐coefficient −16·1 cm/s, P = 0·002) adjusted for age and survey year. Inheritance of 1 or 2 alpha‐thalassaemia deletions was associated with decreased risk of abnormally high CBFv, compared to published data from Kenyan healthy control children (Relative risk ratio [RRR] = 0·53 [95% confidence interval (CI):0·35–0·8] & RRR = 0·43 [95% CI:0·23–0·78]), and reduced risk of abnormally low CBFv for 1 deletion only (RRR = 0·38 [95% CI:0·17–0·83]). No effects were observed for G6PD or HP polymorphisms. This is the first report of the effects of co‐inheritance of common polymorphisms, including the HP polymorphism, on CBFv in SCA patients resident in Africa and confirms the importance of alpha‐thalassaemia in reducing risk of abnormal CBFv.

Type: Article
Title: Haptoglobin, alpha-thalassaemia and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase polymorphisms and risk of abnormal transcranial Doppler among patients with sickle cell anaemia in Tanzania
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/bjh.12791
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.12791
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1424382
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