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A Tale of Two Studies on Auditory Training in Children: A Response to the Claim that 'Discrimination Training of Phonemic Contrasts Enhances Phonological Processing in Mainstream School Children' by Moore, Rosenberg and Coleman (2005).

Halliday, LF; (2014) A Tale of Two Studies on Auditory Training in Children: A Response to the Claim that 'Discrimination Training of Phonemic Contrasts Enhances Phonological Processing in Mainstream School Children' by Moore, Rosenberg and Coleman (2005). Dyslexia , 20 (2) pp. 101-118. 10.1002/dys.1470. Green open access

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Abstract

In a previous article, Moore, Rosenberg and Coleman (Brain and Language, 2005, 94, 72-85) reported evidence for significant improvements in phonological awareness in mainstream children following 6 h of exposure to a commercially available phoneme discrimination training programme, but not in a control group. In a follow-up study, we failed to replicate this finding, despite using an almost identical training programme (Halliday, Taylor, Millward, & Moore, Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2012, 55, 168-181). This paper directly compares the methods and the results of the two studies, in an effort to explain the discrepant findings. It reports that the trained group in Moore et al. (2005) showed significantly greater improvements in phonological awareness following training than the trained group in Halliday et al. (2012). However, the control group in Halliday et al. (2012) showed significantly greater improvements in phonological awareness than the control group in Moore et al. (2005). The paper concludes that differences in the randomization, blinding, experimenter familiarity and treatment of trained and control groups contributed to the different outcomes of the two studies. The results indicate that a plethora of factors can contribute to training effects and highlight the importance of well-designed randomized controlled trials in assessing the efficacy of a given intervention. © 2014 The Authors. Dyslexia published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Type: Article
Title: A Tale of Two Studies on Auditory Training in Children: A Response to the Claim that 'Discrimination Training of Phonemic Contrasts Enhances Phonological Processing in Mainstream School Children' by Moore, Rosenberg and Coleman (2005).
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/dys.1470
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dys.1470
Additional information: © 2014 The Authors. Dyslexia published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: auditory training, children, perceptual learning, phonological awareness, randomized controlled trial
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1419144
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