UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The regulation of interleukin-10 and interleukin-12 in macrophages: Investigating the differential regulation of IL-10 and IL-12 in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice.

Howes, AF; (2013) The regulation of interleukin-10 and interleukin-12 in macrophages: Investigating the differential regulation of IL-10 and IL-12 in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. Doctoral thesis (PhD), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of A.Howes Final Thesis 13.10.13.pdf]
Preview
Text
A.Howes Final Thesis 13.10.13.pdf

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

Pattern recognition receptors (PRR) detect microbial products and induce cytokines which shape the immunological response. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a proinflammatory cytokine important for the differentiation of T helper 1 (Th1) cells which produce IFN-γ to activate macrophages and eradicate intracellular pathogens. In contrast, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an immunosuppressive cytokine that minimises immune-driven host pathology, but can also lead to defective pathogen clearance. The regulation of IL-10 and IL-12 is therefore of interest due to their central roles in the orchestration of an effective but regulated immune response. C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice differ significantly in their resistance to several pathogens. We observed that macrophages generated from these mice produce reciprocal levels of IL-10 and IL-12 in response to the bacterial ligands LPS and Pam3CSK4, which activate TLR4 and TLR2 respectively, and heat-killed Burkholderia pseudomallei, a Gram-negative bacterium which activates TLR2 and TLR4. We have investigated this differential cytokine production in order to further dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of IL-10 and IL-12. Detailed analyses of protein production, signal transduction and transcriptional kinetics have identified a type I IFN dependent, but IL-27 independent mechanism for the differential production of IL-10 in LPS and heat-killed B.pseudomallei stimulated C57BL/6 and BALB/c macrophages. Microarray analysis of LPS stimulated C57BL/6 and BALB/c macrophages further revealed potential regulatory networks that may differ between these mouse strains. These findings highlight key pathways responsible for the regulation of IL-10 and IL-12, and may provide valuable information on factors contributing to the ability of C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice to clear bacterial infections.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: PhD
Title: The regulation of interleukin-10 and interleukin-12 in macrophages: Investigating the differential regulation of IL-10 and IL-12 in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1409974
Downloads since deposit
237Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item