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Structural and Functional Measures of Efficacy in Response to Bevacizumab Monotherapy in Diabetic Macular Oedema: Exploratory Analyses of the BOLT Study (Report 4)

Sivaprasad, S; Crosby-Nwaobi, R; Esposti, S; Peto, T; Rajendram, R; Michaelides, M; Hykin, P; (2013) Structural and Functional Measures of Efficacy in Response to Bevacizumab Monotherapy in Diabetic Macular Oedema: Exploratory Analyses of the BOLT Study (Report 4). PLoS One , 8 (8) , Article e72755. 10.1371/journal.pone.0072755. Green open access

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Abstract

Background To describe structural and functional changes associated with diabetic macular oedema (DMO) treated with intravitreal bevacizumab over 24 months. Methods A post-hoc analysis of the data of 34 patients that completed 24 months follow-up in the intravitreal bevacizumab arm of a prospective, randomized controlled trial (BOLT study) was performed. The outcome measures previously used in clinical trials of intravitreal ranibizumab in DMO were employed to describe the visual acuity and macular thickness changes at 12 and 24 months. Results The standard outcomes of mean change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT) in participants treated with bevacizumab were comparable to those reported in association with ranibizumab. However, exploratory analyses showed that thick maculae at baseline defined as CMT of ≥400 µm, remained significantly thicker than those <400 µm with intensive bevacizumab therapy, despite a comparable gain in visual acuity at both 12 and 24 months. The proportion of subjects that attained a dry macula doubled in both CMT groups between the 12 and 24-month time-points. Conclusions These findings provide valuable information both for clinical practice and trials. Further studies are required to investigate the impact of intravitreal bevacizumab on retinal thickness profiles in DMO.

Type: Article
Title: Structural and Functional Measures of Efficacy in Response to Bevacizumab Monotherapy in Diabetic Macular Oedema: Exploratory Analyses of the BOLT Study (Report 4)
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072755
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072755
Language: English
Additional information: © 2013 Sivaprasad et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. PMCID: PMC3754932
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1406340
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