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Topological defect motifs in two-dimensional Coulomb clusters

Radzvilavičius, A; Anisimovas, E; (2011) Topological defect motifs in two-dimensional Coulomb clusters. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter , 23 (38) , Article 385301. 10.1088/0953-8984/23/38/385301. Green open access

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Abstract

The most energetically favourable arrangement of low-density electrons in an infinite two-dimensional plane is the ordered triangular Wigner lattice. However, in most instances of contemporary interest one deals instead with finite clusters of strongly interacting particles localized in potential traps, for example, in complex plasmas. In the current contribution we study distribution of topological defects in two-dimensional Coulomb clusters with parabolic lateral confinement. The minima hopping algorithm based on molecular dynamics is used to efficiently locate the ground- and low-energy metastable states, and their structure is analyzed by means of the Delaunay triangulation. The size, structure and distribution of geometry-induced lattice imperfections strongly depends on the system size and the energetic state. Besides isolated disclinations and dislocations, classification of defect motifs includes defect compounds --- grain boundaries, rosette defects, vacancies and interstitial particles. Proliferation of defects in metastable configurations destroys the orientational order of the Wigner lattice.

Type: Article
Title: Topological defect motifs in two-dimensional Coulomb clusters
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/23/38/385301
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/23/38/385301
Language: English
Additional information: 14 pages, 8 figures. This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication in J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at 10.1088/0953-8984/23/38/385301
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1364215
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