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Effect of base sequence on the DNA cross-linking properties of pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) dimers

Rahman, KM; James, CH; Thurston, DE; (2011) Effect of base sequence on the DNA cross-linking properties of pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) dimers. Nucleic Acids Research , 39 (13) 5800 - 5812. 10.1093/nar/gkr122. Green open access

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Abstract

Pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) dimers are synthetic sequence-selective DNA minor-groove cross-linking agents that possess two electrophilic imine moieties (or their equivalent) capable of forming covalent aminal linkages with guanine C2-NH2 functionalities. The PBD dimer SJG-136, which has a C8–O–(CH2)3–O–C8′′ central linker joining the two PBD moieties, is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials and current research is focused on developing analogues of SJG-136 with different linker lengths and substitution patterns. Using a reversed-phase ion pair HPLC/MS method to evaluate interaction with oligonucleotides of varying length and sequence, we recently reported (JACS, 2009, 131, 13 756) that SJG-136 can form three different types of adducts: inter- and intrastrand cross-linked adducts, and mono-alkylated adducts. These studies have now been extended to include PBD dimers with a longer central linker (C8–O–(CH2)5–O–C8′), demonstrating that the type and distribution of adducts appear to depend on (i) the length of the C8/C8′-linker connecting the two PBD units, (ii) the positioning of the two reactive guanine bases on the same or opposite strands, and (iii) their separation (i.e. the number of base pairs, usually ATs, between them). Based on these data, a set of rules are emerging that can be used to predict the DNA–interaction behaviour of a PBD dimer of particular C8–C8′ linker length towards a given DNA sequence. These observations suggest that it may be possible to design PBD dimers to target specific DNA sequences.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of base sequence on the DNA cross-linking properties of pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) dimers
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkr122
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkr122
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharma and Bio Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1364001
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