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How doctors generate diagnostic hypotheses: a study of radiological diagnosis with functional magnetic resonance imaging.

Melo, M; Scarpin, DJ; Amaro, E; Passos, RB; Sato, JR; Friston, KJ; Price, CJ; (2011) How doctors generate diagnostic hypotheses: a study of radiological diagnosis with functional magnetic resonance imaging. PLOS One , 6 (12) , Article e28752. 10.1371/journal.pone.0028752. Green open access

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Abstract

In medical practice, diagnostic hypotheses are often made by physicians in the first moments of contact with patients; sometimes even before they report their symptoms. We propose that generation of diagnostic hypotheses in this context is the result of cognitive processes subserved by brain mechanisms that are similar to those involved in naming objects or concepts in everyday life.

Type: Article
Title: How doctors generate diagnostic hypotheses: a study of radiological diagnosis with functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028752
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028752
Language: English
Additional information: © 2011 Melo et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This study is part of the Cooperação Interinstitucional de Apoio à Pesquisa sobre o Cerebro (CINAPCE) funded by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Brazil. Cathy J. Price and Karl J. Friston are funded by the Wellcome Trust, UK. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Keywords: Adult, Animals, Behavior, Brain Mapping, Cerebral Cortex, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Middle Aged, Models, Theoretical, Physicians, Radiography, Radiography, Thoracic
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1337388
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