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An interactive model of antisocial behaviour in young offenders: The role of callous-unemotional traits, materialism and risk-taking behaviour

Dawson, Ruth; (2011) An interactive model of antisocial behaviour in young offenders: The role of callous-unemotional traits, materialism and risk-taking behaviour. Doctoral thesis (D.Clin.Psy), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This study aimed to assess a model of interactive risk in a young offender sample (n=60) aged 14 to 17 years old. It was hypothesised that interactive relationships between callous-unemotional traits, materialism and risk-taking behaviour would account for more variance in the severity of antisocial behaviour. The participants completed a set of self-report questionnaires measuring callous-unemotional traits, materialism, antisocial behaviour and also played a computer task, the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) that assesses risk-taking behaviour. The regression analyses showed that both callous-unemotional traits and materialism were predictors of self-reported antisocial behaviour. Risk-taking behaviour was not found to be predictive of self-reported antisocial behaviour or risk for re-offending. However, it was found that age was predictive of risk for re-offending scores. The only significant interaction effect was between materialism and risk-taking in predicting risk for reoffending. An interactive model with these variables (callous-unemotional traits, materialism and risk-taking) has only been partially supported in this study. Callous-unemotional traits and materialism appear to be important risk factors but the role of risk-taking behaviour in young offenders requires further clarification.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: D.Clin.Psy
Title: An interactive model of antisocial behaviour in young offenders: The role of callous-unemotional traits, materialism and risk-taking behaviour
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis in two volumes: volume 2 is restricted
Keywords: Antisocial behaviour, Young offenders, callous unemotional traits, materialism, risk taking behaviour
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1326280
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