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Trapped vortices in rotating flow

Johnson, ER; (1978) Trapped vortices in rotating flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics , 86 209 - 224. 10.1017/S0022112078001093. Green open access

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Abstract

A variational principle is presented which characterizes steady motions, at finite Rossby number, of rotating inviscid homogeneous fluids in which horizontal velocities are independent of depth. This is used to construct nonlinear solutions corresponding to stationary patches of distributed vorticity above topography of finite height in a uniform stream. Numerical results are presented for the specific case of a right circular cylinder and are interpreted using a series expansion, derived by analogy with a deformable self-gravitating body. The results show that below a critical free-stream velocity a trapped circular vortex is present above the cylinder and a smaller patch of more concentrated vorticity, of the opposite sign, maintains a position to the right (looking downstream) of the cylinder. An extension to finite Rossby number and finite obstacle height of Huppert's (1975) criterion for the formation of a Taylor column is presented in an appendix.

Type: Article
Title: Trapped vortices in rotating flow
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0022112078001093
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112078001093
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 1978 Cambridge University Press
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1325376
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