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Identification of residues within GABA(A) receptor subunits that mediate specific assembly with receptor β subunits

Taylor, PM; Connolly, CN; Kittler, JT; Gorrie, GH; Hosie, A; Smart, TG; Moss, SJ; (2000) Identification of residues within GABA(A) receptor subunits that mediate specific assembly with receptor β subunits. Journal of Neuroscience , 20 (4) 1297 - 1306. Green open access

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Abstract

GABA(A) receptors can be constructed from a range of differing subunit isoforms: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon. Expression studies have revealed that production of GABA-gated channels is achieved after coexpression of alpha and beta subunits. The expression of a gamma subunit isoform is essential to confer benzodiazepine sensitivity on the expressed receptor. However, how the specificity of subunit interactions is controlled during receptor assembly remains unknown. Here we demonstrate that residues 58-67 within alpha subunit isoforms are important in the assembly of receptors comprised of alphabeta and alphabetagamma subunits. Deletion of these residues from the alpha1 or alpha6 subunits results in retention of either alpha subunit isoform in the endoplasmic reticulum on coexpression with the beta3, or beta3 and gamma2 subunits. Immunoprecipitation revealed that residues 58-67 mediated oligomerization of the alpha1 and beta3 subunits, but were without affect on the production of alpha/gamma complexes. Within this domain, glutamine 67 was of central importance in mediating the production of functional alpha1beta3 receptors. Mutation of this residue resulted in a drastic decrease in the cell surface expression of alpha1beta3 receptors and the resulting expression of beta3 homomers. Sucrose density gradient centrifugation revealed that this residue was important for the production of a 9S alpha1beta3 complex representing functional GABA(A) receptors. Therefore, our studies detail residues that specify GABA(A) receptor alphabeta subunit interactions. This domain, which is conserved in all alpha subunit isoforms, will therefore play a critical role in the assembly of GABA(A) receptors composed of alphabeta and alphabetagamma subunits.

Type: Article
Title: Identification of residues within GABA(A) receptor subunits that mediate specific assembly with receptor β subunits
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The license allows you to copy, distribute, and transmit the work, as well as adapting it. However, you must attribute the work to the author (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work), and cannot use the work for commercial purposes without prior permission of the author. If you alter or build upon this work, you can distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/122675
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