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Genetics, Clinical Characteristics, and Natural History of PDE6B-Associated Retinal Dystrophy

Hashem, SA; Georgiou, M; Fujinami-Yokokawa, Y; Laich, Y; Varela, MD; de Guimaraes, TAC; Ali, N; ... Michaelides, M; + view all (2024) Genetics, Clinical Characteristics, and Natural History of PDE6B-Associated Retinal Dystrophy. American Journal of Ophthalmology , 263 pp. 1-10. 10.1016/j.ajo.2024.02.005. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical characteristics, natural history, and genetics of PDE6B-associated retinal dystrophy. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cohort study. METHODS: Review of medical records and retinal imaging, including fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) of patients with molecularly confirmed PDE6B-associated retinal dystrophy in a single tertiary referral center. Genetic results were reviewed, and the detected variants were assessed. RESULTS: Forty patients (80 eyes) were identified and evaluated longitudinally. The mean age (±SD, range) was 42.1 years (± 19.0, 10-86) at baseline, with a mean follow-up time of 5.2 years. Twenty-nine (72.5%) and 27 (67.5%) patients had no or mild visual acuity impairment at baseline and last visit, respectively. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.56 ± 0.72 LogMAR (range −0.12 to 2.80) at baseline and 0.63 ± 0.73 LogMAR (range 0.0-2.80) at the last visit. BCVA was symmetrical in 87.5% of patients. A hyperautofluorescent ring was observed on FAF in 48 and 46 eyes at baseline and follow-up visit, respectively, with a mean area of 7.11 ± 4.13 mm2 at baseline and mean of 6.13 ± 3.62 mm2 at the follow-up visit. Mean horizontal ellipsoid zone width at baseline was 1946.1 ± 917.2 µm, which decreased to 1763.9 ± 827.9 µm at follow-up. Forty-four eyes had cystoid macular edema at baseline (55%), and 41 eyes (51.3%) at follow-up. There were statistically significant changes during the follow-up period in terms of BCVA and the ellipsoid zone width. Genetic analysis identified 43 variants in the PDE6B gene, including 16 novel variants. CONCLUSIONS: This study details the natural history of PDE6B-retinopathy in the largest cohort to date. Most patients had mild to no BCVA loss, with slowly progressive disease, based on FAF and OCT metrics. There is a high degree of disease symmetry and a wide window for intervention.

Type: Article
Title: Genetics, Clinical Characteristics, and Natural History of PDE6B-Associated Retinal Dystrophy
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2024.02.005
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2024.02.005
Language: English
Additional information: © 2024 THE AUTHOR(S). PUBLISHED BY ELSEVIER INC. THIS IS AN OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE UNDER THE CC BY LICENSE (HTTP://CREATIVECOMMONS.ORG/LICENSES/BY/4.0/)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10190599
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