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Stratifying Disease Progression in Patients With Cardiac ATTR Amyloidosis

Ioannou, Adam; Cappelli, Francesco; Emdin, Michele; Nitsche, Christian; Longhi, Simone; Masri, Ahmad; Cipriani, Alberto; ... Fontana, Marianna; + view all (2024) Stratifying Disease Progression in Patients With Cardiac ATTR Amyloidosis. Journal of the American College of Cardiology , 83 (14) pp. 1276-1291. 10.1016/j.jacc.2023.12.036. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) is a progressive cardiomyopathy. The clinical course varies among individuals and there are no established measures to assess disease progression. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the prognostic importance of an increase in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and outpatient diuretic intensification (ODI) as markers of disease progression in a large cohort of patients with ATTR-CA. METHODS: We evaluated landmark survival analysis based on worsening of NT-proBNP and requirement for ODI between time of diagnosis and a 1-year visit, and subsequent mortality in 2,275 patients with ATTR-CA from 7 specialist centers. The variables were developed in the National Amyloidosis Centre (NAC) cohort (n = 1,598) and validated in the external cohort from the remaining centers (n = 677). RESULTS: Between baseline and 1-year visits, 551 (34.5%) NAC patients and 204 (30.1%) patients in the external validation cohort experienced NT-proBNP progression (NT-proBNP increase >700 ng/L and >30%), which was associated with mortality (NAC cohort: HR: 1.82; 95% CI: 1.57-2.10; P < 0.001; validation cohort: HR: 1.75; 95% CI: 1.32-2.33; P < 0.001). At 1 year, 451 (28.2%) NAC patients and 301 (44.5%) patients in the external validation cohort experienced ODI, which was associated with mortality (NAC cohort: HR: 1.88; 95% CI: 1.62-2.18; P < 0.001; validation cohort: HR: 2.05; 95% CI: 1.53-2.74; P < 0.001). When compared with patients with a stable NT-proBNP and stable diuretic dose, a higher risk of mortality was observed in those experiencing either NT-proBNP progression or ODI (NAC cohort: HR: 1.93; 95% CI: 1.65-2.27; P < 0.001; validation cohort: HR: 1.94; 95% CI: 1.36-2.77; P < 0.001), and those experiencing both NT-proBNP progression and ODI (NAC cohort: HR: 2.98; 95% CI: 2.42-3.67; P < 0.001; validation cohort: HR: 3.23; 95% CI: 2.17-4.79; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP progression and ODI are frequent and consistently associated with an increased risk of mortality. Combining both variables produces a simple, universally applicable model that detects disease progression in ATTR-CA.

Type: Article
Title: Stratifying Disease Progression in Patients With Cardiac ATTR Amyloidosis
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2023.12.036
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2023.12.036
Language: English
Additional information: © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: NT-proBNP, cardiac ATTR amyloidosis, disease progression, outpatient diuretic intensification
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10189982
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