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Epistemic Trust and Psychopathology in Adults: A Comparison and Investigation in Clinical and Control Groups

Kumpasoglu, Guler Beril; Campbell, Chloe; Saunders, Rob; Nolte, Tobias; Fonagy, Peter; (2023) Epistemic Trust and Psychopathology in Adults: A Comparison and Investigation in Clinical and Control Groups. In: Panayiotou, Georgia and Greif, Samuel, (eds.) Abstracts and programme book of the 18th European Congress of Psychology. (pp. p. 258). Hogrefe: Oxford, United Kingdom. Green open access

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Abstract

Recently, the mentalizing model was enhanced by highlighting the importance of the failure of social learning and transmission of cultural knowledge in the development and treatment of psychopathology. Epistemic trust has been considered the mechanism behind the relationship between mentalizing and psychopathology. This study aimed to explore the predictor roles of epistemic stance (i.e., epistemic trust, mistrust, and credulity) and mentalizing in distinguishingadults with common mental health problems (e.g., depression and anxiety problems) and healthy controls, and investigatepotential mechanisms underlying the relationship between mentalizing and emotion regulation by taking epistemic trust and interpersonal functioning into consideration in this relationship. In this cross-sectional study, the sample included a clinical group who were considered suitable for the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme in Greater London and a control group (N = 735). Binary logistic regressions revealed both unique and combined effects of mentalizing and epistemic stanceeffectively differentiatedthe control and clinical groups. Our results confirmed the positive relationship between inadequate mentalizing and difficulties in emotion regulation was partially and sequentially mediated by disruptions in epistemic trust and interpersonal problems. Based on these preliminary findings, the enhanced mentalizing model incorporating epistemic trust was discussed. Clinical implications in the light of theoretical assumptions suggesting epistemic disruption could be a general vulnerability factor associated with a wide range of clinical representations were provided. The intended audience was academics and practitioners.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Epistemic Trust and Psychopathology in Adults: A Comparison and Investigation in Clinical and Control Groups
Event: 18th European Congress of Psychology, July 2023, Brighton
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1024/2673-8627/a000043
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1024/2673-8627/a000043
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Author(s)Distributed as a Hogrefe OpenMind article under the license CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
Keywords: Social Sciences, Psychology, Multidisciplinary, Psychology
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10186948
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