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Prognostic utility and characterization of left ventricular hypertrophy using global thickness

Lundin, M; Heiberg, E; Nordlund, D; Gyllenhammar, T; Steding-Ehrenborg, K; Engblom, H; Carlsson, M; ... Ugander, M; + view all (2023) Prognostic utility and characterization of left ventricular hypertrophy using global thickness. Scientific Reports , 13 , Article 22806. 10.1038/s41598-023-48173-7. Green open access

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Abstract

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can accurately measure left ventricular (LV) mass, and several measures related to LV wall thickness exist. We hypothesized that prognosis can be used to select an optimal measure of wall thickness for characterizing LV hypertrophy. Subjects having undergone CMR were studied (cardiac patients, n = 2543; healthy volunteers, n = 100). A new measure, global wall thickness (GT, GTI if indexed to body surface area) was accurately calculated from LV mass and end-diastolic volume. Among patients with follow-up (n = 1575, median follow-up 5.4 years), the most predictive measure of death or hospitalization for heart failure was LV mass index (LVMI) (hazard ratio (HR)[95% confidence interval] 1.16[1.12–1.20], p < 0.001), followed by GTI (HR 1.14[1.09–1.19], p < 0.001). Among patients with normal findings (n = 326, median follow-up 5.8 years), the most predictive measure was GT (HR 1.62[1.35–1.94], p < 0.001). GT and LVMI could characterize patients as having a normal LV mass and wall thickness, concentric remodeling, concentric hypertrophy, or eccentric hypertrophy, and the three abnormal groups had worse prognosis than the normal group (p < 0.05 for all). LV mass is highly prognostic when mass is elevated, but GT is easily and accurately calculated, and adds value and discrimination amongst those with normal LV mass (early disease).

Type: Article
Title: Prognostic utility and characterization of left ventricular hypertrophy using global thickness
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-48173-7
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-48173-7
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10184688
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