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Disparities in London’s Public Transport Accessibility over a Decade: Impact of Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status

Nie, Yuxin; Suel, Esra; (2023) Disparities in London’s Public Transport Accessibility over a Decade: Impact of Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status. In: Proceedings of the Equitable Accessibility and Sustainable Mobility Workshop 2023. (pp. pp. 1-14). Green open access

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Abstract

Cross-sectional studies have indicated spatial inequalities in public transport accessibility in London, where low-skilled, low-income groups often experience limited accessibility, hindering their access to urban services and opportunities. However, how accessibility to public transport is distributed by demographic groups and how it changed over time have not been studied. This study examined the potential unequal distribution of public transport accessibility with a focus on demographic groups defined by ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic status over the past decade, at the LSOA level in the Greater London Area. After accounting for geographical features, car ownership, population density, and spatial autocorrelation in spatial lag models, the disparities for ethnicity were found, as the mixed and other ethnic groups were more disadvantaged both in 2011 and 2021, while the Asian ethnic groups had a more advantaged position. Income also played a role, as wealthier groups tended to have better access to public transport; however, these privileges decreased throughout the decade. The accessibility advantage of the middle-aged and older groups in 2011 diminished significantly by 2021. This was replaced by the median low-level age group, which had the most prominent advantage in tube accessibility. The research aims to inform policymakers on addressing disparities in public transport, optimising accessibility, and developing a fairer and more inclusive urban environment.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Disparities in London’s Public Transport Accessibility over a Decade: Impact of Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status
Event: Equitable Accessibility and Sustainable Mobility Workshop 2023
Location: Leeds, UK
Dates: 12nd-15th September 2023
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/9VQU7
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO%2F9VQU7
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Car-free transport, Accessibility inequalities, Ethnic disparities, Income deprivation, Ten-year change
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10182703
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