UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Inequalities in smoking among pregnant women in North West London

Pinho-Gomes, AC; Mullins, E; (2023) Inequalities in smoking among pregnant women in North West London. Journal of Public Health , 45 (3) e518-e521. 10.1093/pubmed/fdad040.

[thumbnail of Pinho-Gomes_article.clean.pdf] Text
Pinho-Gomes_article.clean.pdf
Access restricted to UCL open access staff until 24 April 2024.

Download (387kB)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: London has the lowest smoking prevalence among pregnant women in England. However, it was unclear whether the low overall prevalence masked inequalities. This study investigated the prevalence of smoking among pregnant women in North West London stratified by ethnicity and deprivation. METHODS: Data regarding smoking status, ethnicity and deprivation were extracted from electronic health records collected by maternity services at Imperial Healthcare NHS Trust between January 2020 and August 2022. RESULTS: A total of 25 231 women were included in this study. At the time of booking of antenatal care (mean of 12 weeks), 4% of women were current smokers, 17% were ex-smokers and 78% never smokers. There were marked differences in the smoking prevalence between ethnic groups. Women of Mixed-White and Black Caribbean ethnicity and White Irish women had the highest prevalence of smoking (12 and 9%, respectively). There was an over 4-fold increase in the prevalence of smoking between the most and the least deprived groups (5.6 versus 1.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Even in a population with an overall low prevalence of smoking in pregnancy, women experiencing deprivation and from certain ethnic backgrounds have a high smoking prevalence and hence are the most likely to benefit from smoking cessation interventions.

Type: Article
Title: Inequalities in smoking among pregnant women in North West London
Location: England
DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdad040
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdad040
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Smoking, pregnancy, inequalities
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > Infectious Disease Informatics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10176858
Downloads since deposit
2Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item