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Improved reproducibility for myocardial ASL: Impact of physiological and acquisition parameters

Božić-Iven, Maša; Rapacchi, Stanislas; Tao, Qian; Pierce, Iain; Thornton, George; Nitsche, Christian; Treibel, Thomas A; ... Weingärtner, Sebastian; + view all (2023) Improved reproducibility for myocardial ASL: Impact of physiological and acquisition parameters. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 10.1002/mrm.29834. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate and mitigate the influence of physiological and acquisition-related parameters on myocardial blood flow (MBF) measurements obtained with myocardial Arterial Spin Labeling (myoASL). METHODS: A Flow-sensitive Alternating Inversion Recovery (FAIR) myoASL sequence with bSSFP and spoiled GRE (spGRE) readout is investigated for MBF quantification. Bloch-equation simulations and phantom experiments were performed to evaluate how variations in acquisition flip angle (FA), acquisition matrix size (AMS), heart rate (HR) and blood T 1 $$ {\mathrm{T}}_1 $$ relaxation time ( T 1 , B $$ {\mathrm{T}}_{1,B} $$ ) affect quantification of myoASL-MBF. In vivo myoASL-images were acquired in nine healthy subjects. A corrected MBF quantification approach was proposed based on subject-specific T 1 , B $$ {\mathrm{T}}_{1,B} $$ values and, for spGRE imaging, subtracting an additional saturation-prepared baseline from the original baseline signal. RESULTS: Simulated and phantom experiments showed a strong dependence on AMS and FA ( R 2 $$ {R}^2 $$ >0.73), which was eliminated in simulations and alleviated in phantom experiments using the proposed saturation-baseline correction in spGRE. Only a very mild HR dependence ( R 2 $$ {R}^2 $$ >0.59) was observed which was reduced when calculating MBF with individual T 1 , B $$ {\mathrm{T}}_{1,B} $$ . For corrected spGRE, in vivo mean global spGRE-MBF ranged from 0.54 to 2.59 mL/g/min and was in agreement with previously reported values. Compared to uncorrected spGRE, the intra-subject variability within a measurement (0.60 mL/g/min), between measurements (0.45 mL/g/min), as well as the inter-subject variability (1.29 mL/g/min) were improved by up to 40% and were comparable with conventional bSSFP. CONCLUSION: Our results show that physiological and acquisition-related factors can lead to spurious changes in myoASL-MBF if not accounted for. Using individual T 1 , B $$ {\mathrm{T}}_{1,B} $$ and a saturation-baseline can reduce these variations in spGRE and improve reproducibility of FAIR-myoASL against acquisition parameters.

Type: Article
Title: Improved reproducibility for myocardial ASL: Impact of physiological and acquisition parameters
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/mrm.29834
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.29834
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Cardiac arterial spin labeling, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery, myocardial blood flow
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10176312
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