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Hypoxia Promotes Atrial Tachyarrhythmias via Opening of ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channels

Specterman, Mark J; Aziz, Qadeer; Li, Yiwen; Anderson, Naomi A; Ojake, Leona; Ng, Keat-Eng; Thomas, Alison M; ... Tinker, Andrew; + view all (2023) Hypoxia Promotes Atrial Tachyarrhythmias via Opening of ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channels. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology , Article e011870. 10.1161/CIRCEP.123.011870. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-ischemia predisposes to atrial arrhythmia. Atrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) modulation during hypoxia has not been explored. We investigated the effects of hypoxia on atrial electrophysiology in mice with global deletion of KATP pore-forming subunits. METHODS: Whole heart KATP RNA expression was probed. Whole-cell KATP current and action potentials were recorded in isolated wild-type (WT), Kir6.1 global knockout (6.1-gKO), and Kir6.2 global knockout murine atrial myocytes. Langendorff-perfused hearts were assessed for atrial effective refractory period (ERP), conduction velocity, wavefront path length (WFPL), and arrhymogenicity under normoxia/hypoxia using a microelectrode array and programmed electrical stimulation. Heart histology was assessed. RESULTS: Expression patterns were essentially identical for all KATP subunit RNA across human heart, whereas in mouse, Kir6.1 and SUR2 (sulphonylurea receptor) were higher in ventricle than atrium, and Kir6.2 and SUR1 were higher in atrium. Compared with WT, Kir6.2 global knockout atrial myocytes had reduced tolbutamide-sensitive current and action potentials were more depolarized with slower upstroke and reduced peak amplitude. Action potential duration was prolonged in 6.1-gKO atrial myocytes, absent of changes in other ion channel gene expression or atrial myocyte hypertrophy. In Langendorff-perfused hearts, baseline atrial ERP was prolonged and conduction velocity reduced in both KATP knockout mice compared with WT, without histological fibrosis. Compared with baseline, hypoxia led to conduction velocity slowing, stable ERP, and WFPL shortening in WT and 6.1-gKO hearts, whereas WFPL was stable in Kir6.2 global knockout hearts due to ERP prolongation with conduction velocity slowing. Tolbutamide reversed hypoxia-induced WFPL shortening in WT and 6.1-gKO hearts through ERP prolongation. Atrial tachyarrhythmias inducible with programmed electrical stimulation during hypoxia in WT and 6.1-gKO mice correlated with WFPL shortening. Spontaneous arrhythmia was not seen. CONCLUSIONS: KATP block/absence leads to cellular and tissue level atrial electrophysiological modification. Kir6.2 global knockout prevents hypoxia-induced atrial WFPL shortening and atrial arrhythmogenicity to programmed electrical stimulation. This mechanism could be explored translationally to treat ischemically driven atrial arrhythmia.

Type: Article
Title: Hypoxia Promotes Atrial Tachyarrhythmias via Opening of ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channels
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.123.011870
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.123.011870
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: KATP channels, calcium, cardiac arrhythmia, ischemia, sulphonylurea receptor
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10176300
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