UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Social Categorisation and Social Identification: The Mediating Role of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Adolescents Living with HIV

Ngwenya, Nothando; Smith, Thandeka; Shahmanesh, Maryam; Psaros, Christina; Munikwa, Chiedza; Nkosi, Khethokuhle; Seeley, Janet; (2023) Social Categorisation and Social Identification: The Mediating Role of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Adolescents Living with HIV. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 10.1007/s12529-023-10205-x. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of s12529-023-10205-x.pdf]
Preview
PDF
s12529-023-10205-x.pdf - Published Version

Download (755kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Social isolation and loneliness are associated with living with a chronic condition particularly where stigma is a factor. Our study aimed to examine the lived experience of adolescents living with HIV in relation to isolation because of their diagnosis and consequences of disclosure. Giddens' structuration theory was used as an analytic framework to identify the potential mechanisms underlying adolescents living with HIV's experiences. METHOD: Longitudinal in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 adolescents living with HIV aged 15-24 years with each participant taking part in three interviews (total 60) between September 2020 and October 2021. Thematic analysis was performed using Braun and Clarke's steps for coding and analysing qualitative data and informed by the structuration theory framework. RESULTS: The findings indicated that adolescents living with HIV have agency and make conscious choices about sharing their status. However, these choices are influenced by their experiences in their community. The discrimination and negative judgements they often experience prevent them from disclosing their status. Stigma, discrimination, and psychological distress contribute to the isolation that adolescents and young adults living with HIV experience. The limited disclosure itself can lead to them becoming isolated and lonely. CONCLUSION: The negative experiences which adolescents living with HIV face can have an impact not only on their psychological wellbeing but also on their decision to disclose and seek support. These experiences may lead to social isolation and loneliness, an unintended consequence of their action in protecting themselves from the conditions created by the structures/environment in which they live.

Type: Article
Title: Social Categorisation and Social Identification: The Mediating Role of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Adolescents Living with HIV
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s12529-023-10205-x
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-023-10205-x
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 Springer Nature. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Adolescents, Giddens’ structuration theory, HIV, Loneliness, Social isolation, Stigma
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10174801
Downloads since deposit
7Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item