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Individualized dynamic methylation-based analysis of cell-free DNA in postoperative monitoring of lung cancer

Chen, Kezhong; Kang, Guannan; Zhang, Zhihong; Lizaso, Analyn; Beck, Stephan; Lyskjær, Iben; Chervova, Olga; ... Wang, Jun; + view all (2023) Individualized dynamic methylation-based analysis of cell-free DNA in postoperative monitoring of lung cancer. BMC Medicine , 21 , Article 255. 10.1186/s12916-023-02954-z. Green open access

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Abstract

Background The feasibility of DNA methylation-based assays in detecting minimal residual disease (MRD) and postoperative monitoring remains unestablished. We aim to investigate the dynamic characteristics of cancer-related methylation signals and the feasibility of methylation-based MRD detection in surgical lung cancer patients.// Methods: Matched tumor, tumor-adjacent tissues, and longitudinal blood samples from a cohort (MEDAL) were analyzed by ultra-deep targeted sequencing and bisulfite sequencing. A tumor-informed methylation-based MRD (timMRD) was employed to evaluate the methylation status of each blood sample. Survival analysis was performed in the MEDAL cohort (n = 195) and validated in an independent cohort (DYNAMIC, n = 36).// Results: Tumor-informed methylation status enabled an accurate recurrence risk assessment better than the tumor-naïve methylation approach. Baseline timMRD-scores were positively correlated with tumor burden, invasiveness, and the existence and abundance of somatic mutations. Patients with higher timMRD-scores at postoperative time-points demonstrated significantly shorter disease-free survival in the MEDAL cohort (HR: 3.08, 95% CI: 1.48–6.42; P = 0.002) and the independent DYNAMIC cohort (HR: 2.80, 95% CI: 0.96–8.20; P = 0.041). Multivariable regression analysis identified postoperative timMRD-score as an independent prognostic factor for lung cancer. Compared to tumor-informed somatic mutation status, timMRD-scores yielded better performance in identifying the relapsed patients during postoperative follow-up, including subgroups with lower tumor burden like stage I, and was more accurate among relapsed patients with baseline ctDNA-negative status. Comparing to the average lead time of ctDNA mutation, timMRD-score yielded a negative predictive value of 97.2% at 120 days prior to relapse.// Conclusions: The dynamic methylation-based analysis of peripheral blood provides a promising strategy for postoperative cancer surveillance.

Type: Article
Title: Individualized dynamic methylation-based analysis of cell-free DNA in postoperative monitoring of lung cancer
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12916-023-02954-z
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-023-02954-z
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Cancer Bio
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10173867
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