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Defining Peri-Operative Myocardial Injury during Cardiac Surgery Using High-Sensitivity Troponin T

Sharma, Vikram; Zheng, Huili; Candilio, Luciano; Nicholas, Jennifer; Clayton, Tim; Yellon, Derek; Bulluck, Heerajnarain; (2023) Defining Peri-Operative Myocardial Injury during Cardiac Surgery Using High-Sensitivity Troponin T. Journal of Clinical Medicine , 12 (13) , Article 4291. 10.3390/jcm12134291. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: Cut-offs for high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn) elevations to define prognostically significant peri-operative myocardial injury (PMI) in cardiac surgery is not well-established. We evaluated the associations between peri-operative high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) elevations and 1-year all-cause mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: The prognostic significance of baseline hs-TnT and various thresholds for post-operative hs-TnT elevation at different time-points on 1-year all-cause mortality following cardiac surgery were assessed after adjusting for baseline hs-TnT and EuroSCORE in a post-hoc analysis of the ERICCA trial. Results: 1206 patients met the inclusion criteria. Baseline elevation in hs-TnT >x1 99th percentile upper reference limit (URL) was significantly associated with 1-year all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.90, 95% confidence interval 1.15–3.13). In the subgroup with normal baseline hs-TnT (n = 517), elevation in hs-TnT at all post-operative time points was associated with higher 1-year mortality, reaching statistical significance for elevations above: ≥100 × URL at 6 h; ≥50 × URL at 12 and 24 h; ≥35 × URL at 48 h; and ≥30 × URL at 72 h post-surgery. Elevation in hs-TnT at 24 h ≥ 50 × URL had the optimal sensitivity and specificity (73% and 75% respectively). When the whole cohort of patients was analysed, including those with abnormal baseline hs-TnT (up to 10 × URL), the same threshold had optimal sensitivity and specificity (66% and 70%). Conclusions: Both baseline and post-operative hs-TnT elevations are independently associated with 1-year all-cause mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The optimal threshold to define a prognostically significant PMI in our study was ≥50 × URL elevation in hs-TnT at 24 h.

Type: Article
Title: Defining Peri-Operative Myocardial Injury during Cardiac Surgery Using High-Sensitivity Troponin T
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/jcm12134291
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12134291
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Peri-operative myocardial injury; high-sensitivity troponin; coronary artery bypass graft surgery; mortality
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10172839
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