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AI and Global Governance: Modalities, Rationales, Tensions

Veale, Michael; Matus, Kira; Gorwa, Robert; (2023) AI and Global Governance: Modalities, Rationales, Tensions. Annual Review of Law and Social Science , 19 pp. 255-275. 10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-020223-040749. Green open access

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Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a salient but polarizing issue of recent times. Actors around the world are engaged in building a governance regime around it. What exactly the “it” is that is being governed, how, by who, and why—these are all less clear. In this review, we attempt to shine some light on those questions, considering literature on AI, the governance of computing, and regulation and governance more broadly. We take critical stock of the different modalities of the global governance of AI that have been emerging, such as ethical councils, industry governance, contracts and licensing, standards, international agreements, and domestic legislation with extraterritorial impact. Considering these, we examine selected rationales and tensions that underpin them, drawing attention to the interests and ideas driving these different modalities. As these regimes become clearer and more stable, we urge those engaging with or studying the global governance of AI to constantly ask the important question of all global governance regimes: Who benefits?

Type: Article
Title: AI and Global Governance: Modalities, Rationales, Tensions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-020223-040749
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-020223-0...
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2023 by the author(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See credit lines of images or other third-party material in this article for license information
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Laws
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10171121
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