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Multiomics links global surfactant dysregulation with airflow obstruction and emphysema in COPD

Hristova, Ventzislava A; Watson, Alastair; Chaerkady, Raghothama; Glover, Matthew S; Ackland, Jodie; Angerman, Bastian; Belfield, Graham; ... MICA II Study group; + view all (2023) Multiomics links global surfactant dysregulation with airflow obstruction and emphysema in COPD. ERJ Open Research , 9 (3) pp. 378-2022. 10.1183/23120541.00378-2022. Green open access

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Abstract

RATIONALE: Pulmonary surfactant is vital for lung homeostasis as it reduces surface tension to prevent alveolar collapse and provides essential immune-regulatory and antipathogenic functions. Previous studies demonstrated dysregulation of some individual surfactant components in COPD. We investigated relationships between COPD disease measures and dysregulation of surfactant components to gain new insights into potential disease mechanisms. METHODS: Bronchoalveolar lavage proteome and lipidome were characterised in ex-smoking mild/moderate COPD subjects (n=26) and healthy ex-smoking (n=20) and never-smoking (n=16) controls using mass spectrometry. Serum surfactant protein analysis was performed. RESULTS: Total phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, surfactant protein (SP)-B, SP-A and SP-D concentrations were lower in COPD versus controls (log2 fold change (log2FC) -2.0, -2.2, -1.5, -0.5, -0.7 and -0.5 (adjusted p<0.02), respectively) and correlated with lung function. Total phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, SP-A, SP-B, SP-D, napsin A and CD44 inversely correlated with computed tomography small airways disease measures (expiratory to inspiratory mean lung density) (r= -0.56, r= -0.58, r= -0.45, r= -0.36, r= -0.44, r= -0.37, r= -0.40 and r= -0.39 (adjusted p<0.05)). Total phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, SP-A, SP-B, SP-D and NAPSA inversely correlated with emphysema (% low-attenuation areas): r= -0.55, r= -0.61, r= -0.48, r= -0.51, r= -0.41, r= -0.31 and r= -0.34, respectively (adjusted p<0.05). Neutrophil elastase, known to degrade SP-A and SP-D, was elevated in COPD versus controls (log2FC 0.40, adjusted p=0.0390), and inversely correlated with SP-A and SP-D. Serum SP-D was increased in COPD versus healthy ex-smoking volunteers, and predicted COPD status (area under the curve 0.85). CONCLUSIONS: Using a multiomics approach, we demonstrate, for the first time, global surfactant dysregulation in COPD that was associated with emphysema, giving new insights into potential mechanisms underlying the cause or consequence of disease.

Type: Article
Title: Multiomics links global surfactant dysregulation with airflow obstruction and emphysema in COPD
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1183/23120541.00378-2022
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00378-2022
Language: English
Additional information: This version is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial Licence 4.0. For commercial reproduction rights and permissions contact permissions@ersnet.org. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Keywords: MICA II Study group
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Neonatology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10170962
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