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Fraud in Online Surveys: Evidence from a Nonprobability, Subpopulation Sample

Bell, AM; Gift, T; (2023) Fraud in Online Surveys: Evidence from a Nonprobability, Subpopulation Sample. Journal of Experimental Political Science , 10 (1) pp. 148-153. 10.1017/XPS.2022.8. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

We hired a well-known market research firm whose surveys have been published in leading political science journals, including JEPS. Based on a set of rigorous screeners, we detected what appears to be exceedingly high rates of identity falsification: over 81 percent of respondents seemed to misrepresent their credentials to gain access to the survey and earn compensation. Similarly high rates of presumptive character falsification were present in panels from multiple sub-vendors procured by the firm. Moreover, we found additional, serious irregularities embedded in the data, including evidence of respondents using deliberate strategies to detect and circumvent one of our screeners, as well as pervasive, observable patterns reflecting that the survey had been taken repeatedly by a respondent or collection of respondents. This evidence offers reasons to be concerned about the quality of online nonprobability, subpopulation samples, and calls for further, systematic research.

Type: Article
Title: Fraud in Online Surveys: Evidence from a Nonprobability, Subpopulation Sample
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/XPS.2022.8
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/XPS.2022.8
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Experimental Research Section of the American Political Science Association. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution and reproduction, provided the original article is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10168965
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