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Saturation-pulse prepared heart-rate independent inversion-recovery (SAPPHIRE) biventricular T1 mapping: inter-field strength, head-to-head comparison of diastolic, systolic and dark-blood measurements

Alfarih, Mashael; Augusto, Joao B; Knott, Kristopher D; Fatih, Nasri; Kumar-M, Praveen; Boubertakh, Redha; Hughes, Alun; ... Captur, Gabriella; + view all (2022) Saturation-pulse prepared heart-rate independent inversion-recovery (SAPPHIRE) biventricular T1 mapping: inter-field strength, head-to-head comparison of diastolic, systolic and dark-blood measurements. BMC Medical Imaging , 22 (1) , Article 122. 10.1186/s12880-022-00843-0. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: To assess the feasibility of biventricular SAPPHIRE T1 mapping in vivo across field strengths using diastolic, systolic and dark-blood (DB) approaches. METHODS: 10 healthy volunteers underwent same-day non-contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance at 1.5 Tesla (T) and 3 T. Left and right ventricular (LV, RV) T1 mapping was performed in the basal, mid and apical short axis using 4-variants of SAPPHIRE: diastolic, systolic, 0th and 2nd order motion-sensitized DB and conventional modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI). RESULTS: LV global myocardial T1 times (1.5 T then 3 T results) were significantly longer by diastolic SAPPHIRE (1283 ± 11|1600 ± 17 ms) than any of the other SAPPHIRE variants: systolic (1239 ± 9|1595 ± 13 ms), 0th order DB (1241 ± 10|1596 ± 12) and 2nd order DB (1251 ± 11|1560 ± 20 ms, all p < 0.05). In the mid septum MOLLI and diastolic SAPPHIRE exhibited significant T1 signal contamination (longer T1) at the blood-myocardial interface not seen with the other 3 SAPPHIRE variants (all p < 0.025). Additionally, systolic, 0th order and 2nd order DB SAPPHIRE showed narrower dispersion of myocardial T1 times across the mid septum when compared to diastolic SAPPHIRE (interquartile ranges respectively: 25 ms, 71 ms, 73 ms vs 143 ms, all p < 0.05). RV T1 mapping was achievable using systolic, 0th and 2nd order DB SAPPHIRE but not with MOLLI or diastolic SAPPHIRE. All 4 SAPPHIRE variants showed excellent re-read reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficients 0.953 to 0.996). CONCLUSION: These small-scale preliminary healthy volunteer data suggest that DB SAPPHIRE has the potential to reduce partial volume effects at the blood-myocardial interface, and that systolic SAPPHIRE could be a feasible solution for right ventricular T1 mapping. Further work is needed to understand the robustness of these sequences and their potential clinical utility.

Type: Article
Title: Saturation-pulse prepared heart-rate independent inversion-recovery (SAPPHIRE) biventricular T1 mapping: inter-field strength, head-to-head comparison of diastolic, systolic and dark-blood measurements
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12880-022-00843-0
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12880-022-00843-0
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging, T1 mapping, Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, SAPPHIRE, MOLLI, CARDIOVASCULAR MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, MIDWALL FIBROSIS, NATIVE T1, ASSOCIATION, MYOCARDIUM, SEQUENCES, MORTALITY, VALUES
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10152226
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