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New insights into the genetic etiology of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias

Bellenguez, Céline; Küçükali, Fahri; Jansen, Iris E; Kleineidam, Luca; Moreno-Grau, Sonia; Amin, Najaf; Naj, Adam C; ... Lambert, Jean-Charles; + view all (2022) New insights into the genetic etiology of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. Nature Genetics , 54 pp. 412-436. 10.1038/s41588-022-01024-z. Green open access

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Abstract

Characterization of the genetic landscape of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias (ADD) provides a unique opportunity for a better understanding of the associated pathophysiological processes. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study totaling 111,326 clinically diagnosed/'proxy' AD cases and 677,663 controls. We found 75 risk loci, of which 42 were new at the time of analysis. Pathway enrichment analyses confirmed the involvement of amyloid/tau pathways and highlighted microglia implication. Gene prioritization in the new loci identified 31 genes that were suggestive of new genetically associated processes, including the tumor necrosis factor alpha pathway through the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex. We also built a new genetic risk score associated with the risk of future AD/dementia or progression from mild cognitive impairment to AD/dementia. The improvement in prediction led to a 1.6- to 1.9-fold increase in AD risk from the lowest to the highest decile, in addition to effects of age and the APOE ε4 allele.

Type: Article
Title: New insights into the genetic etiology of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41588-022-01024-z
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-022-01024-z
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 Springer Nature Limited. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, Genome-wide association studies
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Institute of Prion Diseases > MRC Prion Unit at UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Institute of Prion Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10146801
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