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Precision measurement of cardiac structure and function in cardiovascular magnetic resonance using machine learning

Davies, Rhodri H; Augusto, João B; Bhuva, Anish; Xue, Hui; Treibel, Thomas A; Ye, Yang; Hughes, Rebecca K; ... Moon, James C; + view all (2022) Precision measurement of cardiac structure and function in cardiovascular magnetic resonance using machine learning. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume , 24 , Article 16. 10.1186/s12968-022-00846-4. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Measurement of cardiac structure and function from images (e.g. volumes, mass and derived parameters such as left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction [LVEF]) guides care for millions. This is best assessed using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), but image analysis is currently performed by individual clinicians, which introduces error. We sought to develop a machine learning algorithm for volumetric analysis of CMR images with demonstrably better precision than human analysis. METHODS: A fully automated machine learning algorithm was trained on 1923 scans (10 scanner models, 13 institutions, 9 clinical conditions, 60,000 contours) and used to segment the LV blood volume and myocardium. Performance was quantified by measuring precision on an independent multi-site validation dataset with multiple pathologies with n = 109 patients, scanned twice. This dataset was augmented with a further 1277 patients scanned as part of routine clinical care to allow qualitative assessment of generalization ability by identifying mis-segmentations. Machine learning algorithm ('machine') performance was compared to three clinicians ('human') and a commercial tool (cvi42, Circle Cardiovascular Imaging). FINDINGS: Machine analysis was quicker (20 s per patient) than human (13 min). Overall machine mis-segmentation rate was 1 in 479 images for the combined dataset, occurring mostly in rare pathologies not encountered in training. Without correcting these mis-segmentations, machine analysis had superior precision to three clinicians (e.g. scan-rescan coefficients of variation of human vs machine: LVEF 6.0% vs 4.2%, LV mass 4.8% vs. 3.6%; both P < 0.05), translating to a 46% reduction in required trial sample size using an LVEF endpoint. CONCLUSION: We present a fully automated algorithm for measuring LV structure and global systolic function that betters human performance for speed and precision.

Type: Article
Title: Precision measurement of cardiac structure and function in cardiovascular magnetic resonance using machine learning
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12968-022-00846-4
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12968-022-00846-4
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: Cardiac magnetic resonance, Cardiovascular imaging, Image processing, Machine learning, Ventricular function
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10145239
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