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A Race to the Top? The Aid Transparency Index and the Social Power of Global Performance Indicators

Honig, Dan; Weaver, Catherine; (2020) A Race to the Top? The Aid Transparency Index and the Social Power of Global Performance Indicators. In: The Power of Global Performance Indicators. (pp. 139-173). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Recent studies on Global Performance Indicators (GPIs) reveal the distinct power that non-state actors can accrue and exercise in world politics. How and when does this happen? Using a mixed-methods approach, we examine the impact of the Aid Transparency Index (ATI), an annual rating and rankings index produced by the small UK-based NGO Publish What You Fund. The ATI seeks to shape development aid donors’ behavior with respect to their transparency – the quality and kind of information they publicly disclose. To investigate the ATI’s effect, we construct an original panel dataset of donor transparency performance before and after ATI inclusion (2006–2013) to test whether, and which, donors alter their behavior in response to inclusion in the ATI. To further probe the causal mechanisms that explain variations in donor behavior we use qualitative research, including over 150 key informant interviews conducted between 2010 and 2017. Our analysis uncovers the conditions under which the ATI influences powerful aid donors. Moreover, our mixed methods evidence reveals how this happens. Consistent with Kelley and Simmons’ central argument that Global Performance Indicators (GPIs) exercise influence via social pressure, we find that the ATI shapes donor behavior primarily via direct effects on elites: the diffusion of professional norms, organizational learning, and peer pressure.

Type: Book chapter
Title: A Race to the Top? The Aid Transparency Index and the Social Power of Global Performance Indicators
ISBN-13: 9781108763493
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/9781108763493.006
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108763493.006
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Global Performance Indicators, Aid Transparency, norm diffusion
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10142788
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