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Mendelian randomization analyses implicate biogenesis of translation machinery in human aging

Javidnia, Sara; Cranwell, Stephen; Mueller, Stefanie H; Selman, Colin; Tullet, Jennifer MA; Kuchenbaecker, Karoline; Alic, Nazif; (2022) Mendelian randomization analyses implicate biogenesis of translation machinery in human aging. Genome Research , 32 10.1101/gr.275636.121. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Reduced provision of protein translation machinery promotes healthy aging in a number of animal models. In humans, however, inborn impairments in translation machinery are a known cause of several developmental disorders, collectively termed ribosomopathies. Here, we use casual inference approaches in genetic epidemiology to investigate whether adult, tissue-specific biogenesis of translation machinery drives human aging. We assess naturally occurring variation in the expression of genes encoding subunits specific to the two RNA polymerases (Pols) that transcribe ribosomal and transfer RNAs, namely Pol I and III, and the variation in expression of ribosomal protein (RP) genes, using Mendelian randomization. We find each causally associated with human longevity (β = -0.15 ± 0.047, P = 9.6 × 10-4, q = 0.015; β = -0.13 ± 0.040, P = 1.4 × 10-3, q = 0.023; β = -0.048 ± 0.016, P = 3.5 × 10-3, q = 0.056, respectively), and this does not appear to be mediated by altered susceptibility to a single disease. We find that reduced expression of Pol III, RPs, or Pol I promotes longevity from different organs, namely visceral adipose, liver, and skeletal muscle, echoing the tissue specificity of ribosomopathies. Our study shows the utility of leveraging genetic variation in expression to elucidate how essential cellular processes impact human aging. The findings extend the evolutionary conservation of protein synthesis as a critical process that drives animal aging to include humans.

Type: Article
Title: Mendelian randomization analyses implicate biogenesis of translation machinery in human aging
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1101/gr.275636.121
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.275636.121
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 Javidnia et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press This article, published in Genome Research, is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution 4.0 International), as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10142741
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