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Family Poverty and Trajectories of Children's Emotional and Behavioural Problems: The Moderating Roles of Self-Regulation and Verbal Cognitive Ability

Flouri, E; Midouhas, E; Joshi, H; (2014) Family Poverty and Trajectories of Children's Emotional and Behavioural Problems: The Moderating Roles of Self-Regulation and Verbal Cognitive Ability. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology , 42 pp. 1043-1056. 10.1007/s10802-013-9848-3. Green open access

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Abstract

Socio-economic disadvantage is strongly associated with children’s emotional (internalising) and behavioural (externalising) problems. Self-regulation and verbal cognitive ability have been related to children’s emotional and behavioural resilience to socio-economic disadvantage. Despite being inter-related, self-regulation and verbal cognitive ability have not been examined jointly as promoting resilience in young children. This study investigated the roles of self-regulation and verbal cognitive ability in children’s emotional and behavioural resilience to family socio-economic disadvantage from early to middle childhood (ages 3, 5, and 7 years; N = 16,916; 49 % girls). Using multivariate response growth curve modelling, we found that the relationship between socio-economic disadvantage and internalising problems was stronger for children with lower verbal cognitive ability. Also, poor children with high and low levels of self-regulation showed a widening gap in both emotional and behavioural problems over time. Poor and non-poor children alike benefited from self-regulation, but poor children appeared to be more vulnerable to low self-regulation. Self-regulation and verbal cognitive ability seem to be important protective factors for young children growing up in poor families.

Type: Article
Title: Family Poverty and Trajectories of Children's Emotional and Behavioural Problems: The Moderating Roles of Self-Regulation and Verbal Cognitive Ability
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10802-013-9848-3
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9848-3
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Emotional and behavioural problems, Self-control, Self-regulation, Socio-economic disadvantage, UK Millennium Cohort Study, Verbal cognitive ability
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10141485
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