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Extreme Speech, Democratic Deliberation, and Social Media

Howard, JW; (2021) Extreme Speech, Democratic Deliberation, and Social Media. In: Carissa, V, (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Digital Ethics. (pp. 1-22). Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Social media are now central sites of democratic discourse among citizens. But are some contributions to social media too extreme to be permitted? This entry considers the permissibility of suppressing extreme speech on social media, such as terrorist propaganda and racist hate speech. It begins by considering the argument that such restrictions on speech would wrong democratic citizens, violating their freedom of expression. It proceeds to investigate the moral responsibilities of social media companies to suppress extreme speech, and whether these ought to be enforced through the law. Finally, it explores an alternative mechanism for combatting extreme speech on social media—counter-speech—and evaluates its prospects.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Extreme Speech, Democratic Deliberation, and Social Media
ISBN-13: 9780198857815
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198857815.013.10
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198857815.013...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: extreme speech, freedom of expression, deliberative democracy, social media, content moderation, incitement, hate speech, counter-speech
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10139600
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