UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Insight and equality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of socio-demographic associations

Ariyo, K; Ruck Keene, A; David, AS; Owen, GS; (2021) Insight and equality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of socio-demographic associations. International Journal of Social Psychiatry , Article ARTN 002. 10.1177/00207640211036174. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of David_Insight and equality- A systematic review and meta-analysis of socio-demographic associations_AOP.pdf]
Preview
Text
David_Insight and equality- A systematic review and meta-analysis of socio-demographic associations_AOP.pdf - Published Version

Download (529kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Insight into illness is often used in clinical and legal contexts, for example, as evidence of decision-making capacity. However, it is unclear whether this disadvantages certain groups protected under equality legislation. To our knowledge, this question has yet to be addressed systematically. Therefore, the present study reviews empirical studies that look at the relationship between insight and sociodemographic variables. Methods: A systematic search of six bibliographic databases (CENTRAL, CINAHL, Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO) was conducted, which yielded 6,192 results. Study characteristics and outcomes (associations between insight and socio-demographic variables) were then extracted from 207 eligible studies. This included protected characteristics under the Equality Act (2010): age, sex, ethnicity, marital status and religion. Weighted confidence estimates were calculated and relevant moderators included in a random effects meta-analysis. A study protocol was registered prospectively on PROSPERO, ID: CRD42019120117. Results: Insight was not strongly associated with any sociodemographic variable. Better insight was weakly but significantly associated with white ethnicity, being employed, younger age and more years of education. The age associations were mostly explained by relevant moderating variables. For people with schizophrenia, the associations between sociodemographic variables and insight were comparable to associations with decision making capacity. Conclusions: Our results suggest that insight is not strongly associated with any sociodemographic variables. Further research is needed to clarify potential associations, particularly with non-white ethnicity and proxies for social support.

Type: Article
Title: Insight and equality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of socio-demographic associations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/00207640211036174
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/00207640211036174
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Keywords: Mental health, mental health law, systematic review, meta analysis, cognitive psychology, neuropsychiatry
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10133674
Downloads since deposit
10Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item