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Biofabrication of vasculature in microphysiological models of bone

Whelan, I; Moeendarbary, E; Hoey, D; Kelly, DJ; (2021) Biofabrication of vasculature in microphysiological models of bone. Biofabrication 10.1088/1758-5090/ac04f7. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Bone contains a dense network of blood vessels that are essential to its homoeostasis, endocrine function, mineral metabolism and regenerative functions. In addition, bone vasculature is implicated in a number of prominent skeletal diseases, and bone has high affinity for metastatic cancers. Despite vasculature being an integral part of bone physiology and pathophysiology, it is often ignored or oversimplified in in vitro bone models. However, 3D physiologically relevant vasculature can now be engineered in vitro, with microphysiological systems (MPS) increasingly being used as platforms for engineering this physiologically relevant vasculature. In recent years, vascularised models of bone in MPSs systems have been reported in the literature, representing the beginning of a possible technological step change in how bone is modelled in vitro. Vascularised bone MPSs is a subfield of bone research in its nascency, however given the impact of MPSs has had in in vitro organ modelling, and the crucial role of vasculature to bone physiology, these systems stand to have a substantial impact on bone research. However, engineering vasculature within the specific design restraints of the bone niche is significantly challenging given the different requirements for engineering bone and vasculature. With this in mind, this paper aims to serve as technical guidance for the biofabrication of vascularised bone tissue within MPS devices. We first discuss the key engineering and biological considerations for engineering more physiologically relevant vasculature in vitro within the specific design constraints of the bone niche. We next explore emerging applications of vascularised bone MPSs, and conclude with a discussion on the current status of vascularised bone MPS biofabrication and suggest directions for development of next generation vascularised bone MPSs.

Type: Article
Title: Biofabrication of vasculature in microphysiological models of bone
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/1758-5090/ac04f7
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1758-5090/ac04f7
Language: English
Additional information: As the Version of Record of this article is going to be/has been published on a gold open access basis under a CC BY 3.0 licence, this Accepted Manuscript is available for reuse under a CC BY 3.0 licence immediately.
Keywords: Bone on chip, Microphysiological Systems, Organ on Chip, Vascularisation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10129388
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