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Curation and Expansion of Human Phenotype Ontology for Defined Groups of Inborn Errors of Immunity

Haimel, M; Pazmandi, J; Jiménez Heredia, R; Dmytrus, J; Bal, SK; Zoghi, S; Van Daele, P; ... Boztug, K; + view all (2022) Curation and Expansion of Human Phenotype Ontology for Defined Groups of Inborn Errors of Immunity. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology , 149 (1) pp. 369-378. 10.1016/j.jaci.2021.04.033. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Accurate, detailed and standardized phenotypic descriptions are essential to support diagnostic interpretation of genetic variants and to discover new diseases. The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO), extensively used in rare disease research, provides a rich collection of vocabulary with standardized phenotypic descriptions in a hierarchical structure. However, to date the use of HPO has not yet been widely implemented in the field of inborn errors of immunity (IEIs), mainly due to a lack of comprehensive IEI-related terms. OBJECTIVES: We sought to systematically review available terms in HPO for the depiction of IEIs, to expand HPO yielding more comprehensive sets of terms, and to reannotate IEIs with HPO terms to provide accurate, standardized phenotypic descriptions. METHODS: We initiated a collaboration involving expert clinicians, geneticists, researchers working on IEIs and bioinformaticians. Multiple branches of the HPO tree were restructured and extended based on expert review. Our ontology-guided machine learning coupled with a two-tier expert review was applied to reannotate defined subgroups of IEIs. RESULTS: We revised and expanded four main branches of the HPO tree. Here, we reannotated 73 diseases from four IUIS-defined IEI disease subgroups with HPO terms. We achieved a 4.7-fold increase in number of phenotypic terms per disease. Given the new HPO annotations, we demonstrated improved ability to computationally match selected IEI cases to their known diagnosis, and improved phenotype-driven disease classification. CONCLUSION: Our targeted expansion and reannotation presents enhanced precision of disease annotation, will enable superior HPO-based IEI characterization and hence benefit both IEI diagnostic and research activities.

Type: Article
Title: Curation and Expansion of Human Phenotype Ontology for Defined Groups of Inborn Errors of Immunity
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2021.04.033
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2021.04.033
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: HPO, diagnostic support, disease classification, genetic analysis, immune deficiencies, inborn errors of immunity, ontology, patient matching, phenotype, rare diseases
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10128391
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