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The Democratic Dilemmas of Differentiated Integration: The Views of Political Party Actors

Kröger, S; Lorimer, M; Bellamy, R; (2021) The Democratic Dilemmas of Differentiated Integration: The Views of Political Party Actors. Swiss Political Science Review 10.1111/spsr.12449. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Differentiated integration (DI) appeals as a pragmatic way of accommodating political and economic differences among member states (MS). However, it potentially challenges their equal standing in EU decision‐making, creating the possibility for some MS to dominate others. As such, it risks undermining the democratic legitimacy of the EU. Drawing on 35 interviews with party actors in seven MS, we find many shared these concerns, thereby questioning the acceptance of DI. While they considered DI could support self‐determination at the national level, they worried it might result in arbitrary exclusion and growing inequality at the EU level. To be non‐dominating, they contended differentiated policies must remain open for all to join, be based on clear criteria, and allow all MS a say, though only participating states should be entitled to vote on differentiated policies in the Council, whereas all MEPs should be able to vote in the European Parliament.

Type: Article
Title: The Democratic Dilemmas of Differentiated Integration: The Views of Political Party Actors
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/spsr.12449
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/spsr.12449
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 The Authors. Swiss Political Science Review published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Swiss Political Science Association This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: Differentiated, Integration, Domination, Political Parties, Democracy Fairness
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10125724
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