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Imperfect spoiling in variable flip angle T1 mapping at 7T: Quantifying and minimizing impact

Corbin, N; Callaghan, MF; (2021) Imperfect spoiling in variable flip angle T1 mapping at 7T: Quantifying and minimizing impact. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 10.1002/mrm.28720. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The variable flip angle (VFA) approach to T1 mapping assumes perfectly spoiled transverse magnetisation at the end of each repetition time (TR). Despite radiofrequency (RF) and gradient spoiling, this condition is rarely met, leading to erroneous T1 estimates ( T 1 app ). Theoretical corrections can be applied but make assumptions about tissue properties, for example, a global T2 time. Here, we investigate the effect of imperfect spoiling at 7T and the interaction between the RF and gradient spoiling conditions, additionally accounting for diffusion. We provide guidance on the optimal approach to maximise the accuracy of the T1 estimate in the context of 3D multi-echo acquisitions. METHODS: The impact of the spoiling regime was investigated through numerical simulations, phantom and in vivo experiments. RESULTS: The predicted dependence of T 1 app on tissue properties, system settings, and spoiling conditions was observed in both phantom and in vivo experiments. Diffusion effects modulated the dependence of T 1 app on both B 1 + efficiency and T2 times. CONCLUSION: Error in T 1 app can be minimized by using an RF spoiling increment and gradient spoiler moment combination that minimizes T2 -dependence and safeguards image quality. Although the diffusion effect was comparatively small at 7T, correction factors accounting for this effect are recommended.

Type: Article
Title: Imperfect spoiling in variable flip angle T1 mapping at 7T: Quantifying and minimizing impact
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/mrm.28720
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.28720
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: 7T, EPG, MPM, T1 mapping, VFA, imperfect spoiling
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10123644
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