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Effects of unit-based pricing on household waste collection demand: A meta-regression analysis

Bel, D; Gradus, R; (2016) Effects of unit-based pricing on household waste collection demand: A meta-regression analysis. Resource and Energy Economics , 44 pp. 169-182. 10.1016/j.reseneeco.2016.03.003. Green open access

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Abstract

Reducing the quantity of waste is an objective pursued by anincreasing number of governments. Pricing waste has been one ofthe most important tools used for that purpose, and the literatureon the demand for household waste disposal shows a wide diversityof price elasticity calculations. We explore this issue by means of ameta-analysis on a database of 25 studies. This allows us analyzingwhich is the effect on the results of different data, model specifi-cation and (statistical) methods. We find no evidence that eithertreating prices as exogenous or including curbside recycling effectsin the model influence price elasticity. There are some indicationsthat price elasticities in the USA are more elastic, and that munici-pal data provide higher estimates than household data. We find thatmuch of the variation in elasticities is associated with substantialmethods; in particular it can be explained by the use of a weight-based system and by the pricing of compostable waste. In contrast,the bag-based system does not present a significant relation withelasticity. Finally, our results do not find evidence of publicationbias, while they do indicate some evidence of the existence of atrue empirical effect.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of unit-based pricing on household waste collection demand: A meta-regression analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.reseneeco.2016.03.003
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.reseneeco.2016.03.003
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Solid waste, Unit-based pricing, Elasticities, Meta-analysis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10123086
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