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Long-term implementation of the Managing Agitation and Raising QUality of lifE intervention in care homes: A qualitative study

Laybourne, A; Rapaport, P; Livingston, G; (2021) Long-term implementation of the Managing Agitation and Raising QUality of lifE intervention in care homes: A qualitative study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry , 36 (8) pp. 1252-1263. 10.1002/gps.5519. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The dementia care home workforce receive little specific training. There are successful interventions, improving care outcomes, but it is unclear whether or how to sustain these effects. The Managing Agitation and Raising Quality of Life (MARQUE) intervention aimed to train care home staffto reduce resident's agitation and improve their quality of life. It was designed for sustainability, with implementation plans agreed with managers. MARQUE improves quality of life. In this separate study, we aimed to examine implementation around two years later. METHODS: and design: We explored practice change since the intervention and considered current implementation of home specific action plans, enablers or barriers, and perceived benefits or harms of implementation using semi-structured interviews with staff working in the trial homes who received the MARQUE intervention. RESULTS: 6/10 intervention homes participated. We interviewed 25 staff, 20-30 months after the MARQUE study. In all homes, staff reported that at least one MARQUE component was sustained. Three themes emerged about sustained practice change: (i) communication, (ii) respect and understanding of roles, and (iii) ability to try new things. Notable changes included improved team working and feelings of competence, positive attitude to residents rather than blame for agitation and avoidance, and more pleasant activities. Leadership support was important. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to sustain some change over years in care homes. This study indicates factors which help or impede. These factors individually and together could lead to long-term improved quality of life of residents in homes where it is implemented and sustained. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Long-term implementation of the Managing Agitation and Raising QUality of lifE intervention in care homes: A qualitative study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/gps.5519
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5519
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 The Authors. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, pro-vided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: agitation, care homes, dementia, implementation, intervention, practice change, quality of life
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10122478
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