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Assessing the ability of substrate mapping techniques to guide ventricular tachycardia ablation using computational modelling

Campos, FO; Orini, M; Arnold, R; Whitaker, J; O'Neill, M; Razavi, R; Plank, G; ... Bishop, MJ; + view all (2021) Assessing the ability of substrate mapping techniques to guide ventricular tachycardia ablation using computational modelling. Computers in Biology and Medicine , 130 , Article 104214. 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2021.104214. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Identification of targets for ablation of post-infarction ventricular tachycardias (VTs) remains challenging, often requiring arrhythmia induction to delineate the reentrant circuit. This carries a risk for the patient and may not be feasible. Substrate mapping has emerged as a safer strategy to uncover arrhythmogenic regions. However, VT recurrence remains common. GOAL: To use computer simulations to assess the ability of different substrate mapping approaches to identify VT exit sites. METHODS: A 3D computational model of the porcine post-infarction heart was constructed to simulate VT and paced rhythm. Electroanatomical maps were constructed based on endocardial electrogram features and the reentry vulnerability index (RVI - a metric combining activation (AT) and repolarization timings to identify tissue susceptibility to reentry). Since scar transmurality in our model was not homogeneous, parameters derived from all signals (including dense scar regions) were used in the analysis. Potential ablation targets obtained from each electroanatomical map during pacing were compared to the exit site detected during VT mapping. RESULTS: Simulation data showed that voltage cut-offs applied to bipolar electrograms could delineate the scar, but not the VT circuit. Electrogram fractionation had the highest correlation with scar transmurality. The RVI identified regions closest to VT exit site but was outperformed by AT gradients combined with voltage cut-offs. The performance of all metrics was affected by pacing location. CONCLUSIONS: Substrate mapping could provide information about the infarct, but the directional dependency on activation should be considered. Activation-repolarization metrics have utility in safely identifying VT targets, even with non-transmural scars.

Type: Article
Title: Assessing the ability of substrate mapping techniques to guide ventricular tachycardia ablation using computational modelling
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2021.104214
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2021.104214
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Arrhythmia, Catheter ablation, Computer simulation, Electroanatomical mapping, Myocardial infarction
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10119906
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