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Shape controlled iron oxide nanoparticles: inducing branching and controlling particle crystallinity

AbuTalib, NH; LaGrow, AP; Besenhard, MO; Bondarchuk, O; Sergides, A; Famiani, S; Ferreira, LP; ... Thanh, NTK; + view all (2021) Shape controlled iron oxide nanoparticles: inducing branching and controlling particle crystallinity. CrystEngComm 10.1039/d0ce01291b. Green open access

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Abstract

Anisotropic nanoparticles (NPs) have garnered a great deal of attention for their applications in catalysis, magnetism and biomedicine. However, synthetic strategies to grow such NPs are still limited as their growth mechanisms are poorly understood. This work presents the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) based on the decomposition of iron(III) acetylacetonate in organic solvents to form anisotropic IONPs that are branched or multiply branched. We fully explore their growth parameters to understand the effect of varying amounts of oleylamine (OAm), as well as a nitrogen purge on particle morphology. We show here the synthetic relationship between a wide range of sizes and shapes of IONPs that are both isotropic and anisotropic. Of all the parameters, the amount of oleylamine in the reaction is the key to tune the particle size while the effect of a nitrogen gas purge during synthesis was shown to be crucial for the formation of the branched and multiply branched NPs. Two multiply branched NP systems with only a small difference in the synthetic conditions were shown to have radically different magnetic properties, such as heating in an alternating magnetic field. This was attributed to the defects found in the structure of one and not in the other. By following their development during growth, crystal defects were observed in both systems during the early stages of the reaction. However, for the multiply branched structure that became single crystalline, the aggregation of the nuclei occurred earlier in the reaction, allowing more time for growth and crystallite rearrangement to occur. These results have wide ranging implications for controlling the properties of anisotropic nanomaterials with similar structures, including their magnetic behavior.

Type: Article
Title: Shape controlled iron oxide nanoparticles: inducing branching and controlling particle crystallinity
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/d0ce01291b
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1039/D0CE01291B
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10119293
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