UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Osteochondral scaffolds for early treatment of cartilage defects in osteoarthritic joints: from bench to clinic

Tamaddon, M; Gilja, H; Wang, L; Oliveira, JM; Sun, X; Tan, R; Liu, C; (2020) Osteochondral scaffolds for early treatment of cartilage defects in osteoarthritic joints: from bench to clinic. Biomaterials Translational , 1 (1) pp. 3-17. 10.3877/cma.j.issn.2096-112X.2020.01.002. Green open access

[thumbnail of Liu_Osteochondral scaffolds for early treatment of cartilage defects in osteoarthritic joints_ from bench to clinic.pdf]
Preview
Text
Liu_Osteochondral scaffolds for early treatment of cartilage defects in osteoarthritic joints_ from bench to clinic.pdf - Published Version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, typified by the loss in the quality of cartilage and bone at the interface of a synovial joint, resulting in pain, stiffness and reduced mobility. The current surgical treatment for advanced stages of the disease is joint replacement, where the non-surgical therapeutic options or less invasive surgical treatments are no longer effective. These are major surgical procedures which have a substantial impact on patients’ quality of life and lifetime risk of requiring revision surgery. Treatments using regenerative methods such as tissue engineering methods have been established and are promising for the early treatment of cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis joints. In this approach, 3-dimensional scaffolds (with or without cells) are employed to provide support for tissue growth. However, none of the currently available tissue engineering and regenerative medicine products promotes satisfactory durable regeneration of large cartilage defects. Herein, we discuss the current regenerative treatment options for cartilage and osteochondral (cartilage and underlying subchondral bone) defects in the articulating joints. We further identify the main hurdles in osteochondral scaffold development for achieving satisfactory and durable regeneration of osteochondral tissues. The evolution of the osteochondral scaffolds - from monophasic to multiphasic constructs - is overviewed and the osteochondral scaffolds that have progressed to clinical trials are examined with respect to their clinical performances and their potential impact on the clinical practices. Development of an osteochondral scaffold which bridges the gap between small defect treatment and joint replacement is still a grand challenge. Such scaffold could be used for early treatment of cartilage and osteochondral defects at early stage of osteoarthritis and could either negate or delay the need for joint replacements.

Type: Article
Title: Osteochondral scaffolds for early treatment of cartilage defects in osteoarthritic joints: from bench to clinic
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3877/cma.j.issn.2096-112X.2020.01.002
Publisher version: http://www.biomat-trans.com/EN/abstract/abstract2....
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.
Keywords: cartilage injury, osteoarthritis, osteochondral scaffold, regenerative medicine, subchondral defect, tissue engineering
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10118237
Downloads since deposit
100Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item